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The Rhind Papyrus (AKA the Ahmes Papyrus) is named after the Scottish collector, Henry Rhind, who acquired it in 1858. Catastrophe in Crete (Three dates are reported: 1380, 1450, 1628 B. The catastrophe was the eruption, and resulting tsunamis, of the Satorini Volcano (also known as Thera) in the Aegean Sea.This eruption is considered to be one of the largest in the last 10,000 years and is the probable cause of the end of the Minoan civilization.THE PLAGUE IN ATHENS DURING THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR The plague in Athens was caused by the war strategy of Pericles. The curve may be used for dividing an angle into any number of equal parts.His strategy was to bring all citizens from the surrounding area into Athens and let the Spartans have control of the outlying area. It appears that this was the first curve in in mathematics that was not either a straight line or part of a circle.For about 4500 years it was the tallest building in the world. There is much speculation on exactly how this pyramid and its companions were actually constructed. They used a vertical wedge to represent a unit and a sidewys wedge to represent ten units.With arrangements of these two symbols they could represnt numbers of any size.

Furthermore, the whole structure is perfectly oriented to the points of the compass. Their writing material consisted of a stylus and a tablet of soft clay which, when completed, was allowed to harden into a permanent document.

This papyrus was copied by an unknown scribe (around 1850 B. It contains 25 mathematics problems involving simple “equations” and solutions. The problem that generates the most interest is the calculation of the volume of a truncated pyramid (a square based pyramid with the top portion removed). E.) who claimed it was obtained from another document written about 2000 B. It contains over 80 problems and solutions as well as a table of decomposition of fractions of the form 2/n. E., a natural catastrophe occurred in the area around Crete which, according to the famous Greek archaeologist Spyridon Marinatos, eventually led to the collapse of the mighty Minoan civilization.

The Egyptians seemed to know the formula for this even though this is a difficult formula to derive. Ahmes may well be the earliest “named” person in the history of mathematics. Modern geological research has proved this theory to be correct.

Numbers between 1 and 59 were the symbols for 1 and 10 tightly grouped together.

When these "digits" were to multiply powers of 60, they were separated by more space.